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HISTORY

Chandigarh Jail was initially set up as a sub Jail in 1972 which was upgraded as District Jail in 1975. It was elevated in status as a Model Jail equivalent to a Central Jail in January, 1990. The Model Jail, Chandigarh is the only jail in the Union Territory which is caters the needs of three States in the event of agitations, namely States of Punjab and Haryana and U.T., Chandigarh. The affairs of the Chandigarh Prison are regulated by the provision of Punjab Jail Manual which became applicable here in terms of Section 87 of the Punjab Regularization Act,1966. The Punjab Government has since revised the Punjab Jail Manual in 1996 and while undertaking the revision of the Manual they have taken into consideration the recommendations or suggestions of All India Committee on Jail Reforms headed by Hon’ble Jr. Justice A.N. Mullah and suggestions given by the different Committees and the law laid down by High Court and the Supreme Court of India.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has recently in case titled as R.D. Upadhayay in Civil Writ Petition No. 559 of 1994 has directed the Union of India to revise the Jail Manuals. The matter with regard to the revision of the Jail Manual has been taken up with the Chandigarh Administration for further taking up the matter with Punjab Government for the amendment of the Jail Manual. The Chandigarh Administration has adopted the Punjab Jail Manual in April, 1997.

The convicted prisoners are allowed One meeting per week and undertrial prisoners are allowed two meetings per week with friends and relatives. Additional interviews are permitted with their counsels as and when required. Special interview/meetings are also allowed in emergencies.The prisoners are also permitted to correspond with the relations outside and even receive communications in reply which are handed over to them.\ They are allowed the facilities of parole/ furlough in terms of the Punjab Good Conduct Prisoners ( Temporary Release) Act, 1962. Two paroles of 28/42 days in a year and one furlough first after three years of 21 days and consecutives 14 days each after every year are granted to the convicted prisoners of the Jail. Emergencies Parole of 14 days is also granted to the prisoners whenever any family members of the prisoners dies or falls seriously ill. The Chandigarh Administration has appointed Non-Official Visitors and they are regularly paying visits to the jail. Official visitors Hon’ble District and Sessions Judge, Chandigarh also visit the jail on monthly basis. Joint inspection is also carried out by the District and Sessions Judge, Chandigarh, District Magistrate, Chandigarh and Senior Superintendent of Police, U.T., Chandigarh. The grievances of the prisoners are redressed by the inspecting authorities.

Under the modernization scheme of Prison Administration during the past years number of schemes have been implemented to strengthen the security and streamline the jail working. The Chandigarh Jail is however, very much under-staffed and proposal for creations of additional posts as per norms specially as per the recommendations of Burail Jail Break Enquiry Committee report has been sent to the Chandigarh Administration for taking up the matter with the Central Government. Furthermore, the Government of India in 1991 sanctioned Rs. 21.00 Lacs under a modernization scheme of Prison Administration and the same amount has been utilized for the installation of CCTV Cameras. The Chandigarh Administration has appointed Non-Official Visitors and they are regularly paying visits to the jail. Official visitors Hon’ble District and Sessions Judge, Chandigarh also visit the jail on monthly basis. Joint inspection is also carried out by the District and Sessions Judge, Chandigarh, District Magistrate, Chandigarh and Senior Superintendent of Police, U.T., Chandigarh. The grievances of the prisoners are redressed by the inspecting authorities.
                      
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